JAPAN FOOD PRODUCTION PROJECT IN THE MOON
According to people with direct knowledge of the proposal, Japan’s government and space agency would collaborate with food in the moon and technology businesses to undertake research on building a sustainable food source on the moon, in a trial to encourage the private sector to enter the space business.
The public-private joint study could begin in March, spearheaded by Space Foodsphere, a Tokyo-based space food research group made of dozens of organizations including the government-funded project includes participants such as the Japan Space Exploration Agency (JAXA), seasoning manufacturer Ajinomoto Co., and system integrator NTT Data Corp.
The Japan Space Exploration Agency is Japan’s national aerospace agency. It was founded on October 1, 2003 by the merger of the three institutions ISAS, NAL, and NASDA, and is responsible for scientific research, technology development, and the launch and placement of satellites into orbit, and is involved in much more advanced missions such as asteroid exploration and possible manned Moon exploration. It is headquartered at the Chōfu Aviation Center in Chōfu, Tokyo.
In the statements made on the subject, it was noted that the studies on producing food on the Moon would first be started within the borders of Japan. Experts will then travel to Antarctica, which is more similar to lunar conditions, and continue their work there. The studies to be carried out will be of great importance for the future of space tourism.
This project, which will be carried out by the Japan Space Agency, was created for long-term missions on the Moon. Thanks to the technologies it will develop, the institution will ensure the food supply of people who will go to space for a long time.
DETAILS OF THE PROJECT
Technology businesses like Euglena Co., a bioventure, also are among the participants within the government-funded project. the fundamental research aims to deal with the demand for a supply of food on the moon for long-term lunar missions with a giant crew, which might make regular food supplies from Earth impractical.
With the U.S., China, and other countries launching lunar exploration missions, long-term trip the moon is becoming more realistic. Japan could be a participant in NASA’s Artemis program, which addresses the exploration and usage of space resources, including those on the moon. per the sources, the crew will begin their investigation at a domestic facility before moving to a site that’s like the lunar environment, like Antarctica.
Their research intends to assist within the development of technology for running a plant factory on the moon, where temperatures are below minus 100 degrees Celsius and there’s a scarcity of water and air for growing crops. The research also will look at the way to keep mental and physical health in an exceedingly confined space for extended periods of your time. If developed, these technologies are intended to help within the fight against desertification and global climate change on Earth.
Jeff Bezos, the founder and former CEO of Amazon.com Inc., visited space last month on a rocket and capsule developed by his private space enterprise, Blue Origin. Yusaku Maezawa, a Japanese entrepreneur, is additionally planning to orbit the laze the world’s first-ever private space flight, which can be organized by SpaceX and slated for 2023. in keeping with a Morgan Stanley analysis, the worldwide space business would produce revenue of quite $1 trillion (111 trillion) in 2040, up from $350 billion now.
It is said that this project to be built on the moon can contribute to space tourism. This project was created for long-term missions on the Moon, and it is also planned to provide food supplies for people who will go to space for a long time, thanks to the technologies that the institution will develop.
According to Morgan Stanley; the global space industry, which is currently 350 billion, will become an industry where 1 Trillion dollars is spoken in 2040. It is stated that Japan will be among those who fall for this share in these technologies to be developed.
In this project, where long-term participation is aimed, indoor crop yield will also be examined. In terms of longer missions, some vegetables are intended to be grown by astronauts in space shuttles.
Among the goals is growing plants on the Moon. For example, Marigold was grown in an environment of crushed rock without the need for plant food.
HISTORY OF GROWING PLANT AND FOOD IN SPACE
In the 2010s, there was a surge in interest in long-duration space missions, which sparked interest in space-based plant production as a source of food for astronauts. Vegetable production aboard the International Space Station in Earth orbit is an example of this. Twenty plant growth experiments had been carried out aboard the International Space Station by the year 2010.
Several studies have compared plant growth and dispersal in microgravity and space vs Earth settings. This allows scientists to investigate whether certain plant growth patterns are inherited or influenced by the environment. In 1983, Allan H. Brown, for example, examined seedling movements aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia. While in orbit, the movements of sunflower seedlings were recorded. Despite the lack of gravity, the seedlings nevertheless experienced rotational development and circumnation, indicating that these actions are innate.
Plants can exhibit gravitropism even in low-gravity environments, according to other investigations. For example, the European Modular Cultivation System, developed by the European Space Agency, allows scientists aboard the International Space Station to experiment with plant development by acting as a tiny greenhouse. The EMCS was used in the Gravi-1 experiment (2008) to explore lentil seedling growth and amyloplast migration on calcium-dependent pathways. The plants were able to sense the direction of gravity even at very low levels, according to the results of this experiment. Gravi-2 (2014), a later experiment with the EMCS, placed 768 lentil seedlings in a centrifuge to induce various gravitational variations; this experiment demonstrated that plants alter calcium signaling toward root growth when grown in various gravity levels.
Many experiments take a broader approach to examining overall plant growth patterns rather than focusing on a single growth trait. The Canadian Space Agency, for example, discovered that white spruce seedlings grew differently in the anti-gravity space environment than they did on Earth; the space seedlings had enhanced shoot and needle growth, as well as randomized amyloplast distribution, compared to the Earth-bound control group.